Public Info

What is Hypertension?

Blood pressure is the physical pressure of blood in the blood vessels. It allows blood to travel around the body to deliver fresh blood with oxygen and nutrients to the organs of the body

High blood pressure, known medically as hypertension is important because it leads to an increased risk of serious cardiovascular disease, with complications such as heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and blindness.

It is the leading cause for preventable death worldwide. See the International Society of Hypertension infographic

Hypertension is very common, making it a major public health issue – and it is set to grow. In 2000, the estimated number of adults living with high blood pressure globally was 972 million. This is expected to increase to 1.56 billion by 2025!

It is estimated that around half the people who have hypertension are not even aware of the fact.   So our aim for MMM is to continue to increase awareness of the risks of hypertension


Reducing the risk

What can I do to reduce the risk of hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Prevention is key and individuals can reduce their risk by following these 10 guidelines:

  1. Maintain a healthy body weight
  2. Exercise for an average of 30 minutes a day
  3. Eat plenty of  fruit and vegetables – daily
  4. Cut down on salt consumption
  5. Reduce fat and sugar intake
  6. Don’t smoke tobacco
  7. Reduce caffeine 
  8. Don’t drink too much alcohol – stick to daily recommendations
  9. Add beetroot and beetroot juice to your diet
  10. Avoid stress where possible and allow time for relaxation


See our Top Tips Factsheet for further information.

Around 50% of those with hypertension (high blood pressure) do not know they have it.  But with early intervention, more serious complications can often be avoided, so checking your blood pressure is key.

MMM increases awareness of the importance of getting blood pressure checked and screens many people who would not have previously known their blood pressure.  Read More

If you’d like to get your blood pressure measured during May Measurement Month, please follow us on social media to find out more and to see our announcements when our screening sites have been confirmed.

If you have any concerns regarding your blood pressure, please seek professional medical advice



For further information, download the International Society of Hypertension infographic about high blood pressure